More than 22,000 outbreaks of forest fires have been detected this year. In the same period of 2015, the number was no more than 15 thousand. Monitoring data are from the National Institute of Space Research (INPE).

Amazon was the biome that registered the most outbreaks: 49.7%. Mato Grosso, Roraima, Tocantins and Pará were the Brazilian states with more fire. This data already counts the first six days of June.

The coordinator of the Research and Monitoring Center of Prevfogo – National Center for the Prevention and Combat of Forest Fires, Rossano Marchetti, says that climatic phenomena are mainly responsible for the increase.

“We’re going through one of the worst El Ninos recorded. And among the consequences the decrease of rainfall in the north / northeast of the Amazon, “says Rossano.

Rossano explains that the dry climate facilitates the spread of fire, but human action is the major cause of fires, such as the use of burning techniques on crops. According to the Research and Monitoring coordinator of Prevfogo, although the beginning of the year has registered many hot spots, most of the registrations happen between the months of August and October.

“Just to give you an idea of the heat outbreaks recorded in the first four months of the year, in proportion to the year; it is less than 4% in the first few months. Now we are going to enter the driest season in Brazil, where there is a lot of burning and fires. We are not leaving the critical phase “, explains Rossano.

Rossano points out that in order to prevent fires the rural producer should look for alternatives to the fires. He also points out that even though Brazilian legislation prohibits the release of balloons, the practice, which grows a lot due to the June festivities, further increases the number of fires in the country.

Check out this Monday’s (6) Reporter Amazônia:

– Accident with power grid kills two people in the Amazon;-

– Trade bets on clothing products for Valentine’s Day;

Also: in São Luís, June festivities will have storytelling for children.

Repórter Amazônia is a production of the Amazon Public Radios Network and airs from Monday to Friday, at 6.30 pm by Rádio Nacional da Amazônia.


Santa Maria River water collection in Queimados area by Cesan (Photo: Marcelo Prest/ A Gazeta)

Four towns in the mountainous region of Espírito Santo were included in the extremely critical situation list due to the drought, since September 9th. As a result, irrigation in these cities has been banned. The use of water becomes a priority for human and animal consumption.

The four cities are on the banks of the rivers that supply Vitória’s greater area, Jucu and Santa Maria da Vitória. Municipalities are: Domingos Martins, Marechal Floriano, Santa Maria de Jetibá and Santa Leopoldina. Resolution 42/2016 of the State Agency for Water Resources (Agerh) was published in the Official State Gazette on the 9th.

The document cancels the agreements that the municipal committees have made with the rural producers and relies on the alert scenario experienced by the state, the permanence of the drought period and the imminent danger of shortages in the municipalities that integrate Greater Vitória to justify the decision.

The two rivers that supply Greater Victoria – Jucu and Santa Maria da Vitória – are flowing far below the critical limit. In one of them, the flow dropped again last Friday (16).

The two no longer reach the sea. They are retained at the stone junction that guarantees volume for Cesan’s water collection.

According to Roberto Ribeiro, executive secretary of the Santa Maria Basin Committee, the spring situation is very critical. “The volume of water that exists today in Rio Bonito Dam guarantees supply for another 25 days,” he said.

According to Cesan, responsible for the supply of Greater Vitória, the industrial sector – Vale and Arcelor – consumes 349,163 m³ (monthly average), about 34% less than in 2015. The water supplied to companies comes from the capture made by Cesan in both rivers.

The company said that, faced with a possible water rationing for residents, “will meet what determines the legislation, with priority for human supply and animal consumption,” reported by note.

Source G1